Drowning and Near Drowning
Drowning can result in death from asphyxia usually due to suffocation or immersion in a liquid.
Impairment to breathing causes water to enter the lungs preventing the absorption of oxygen which leads to cerebral hypoxia.
Drowning and Near Drowning Symptoms
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Blue lips and tongue
- Frothy sputum
- No breathing
Drowning and Near Drowning Treatments
- Clear the mouth and if breathing is absent begin resuscitation at first opportunity
- Remove the injured diver from the water as soon as possible
- Administer 100% oxygen
- Carry out first aid treatment for managing shock
- Call an ambulance
- Diver must go to hospital for assessment and observation
Special Considerations with Near Drowning
Near drowning victims have been successfully resuscitated after being immersed in water without breathing for prolonged periods (especially in cold water). If resuscitation is required, continue until relieved by medical aid.
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