This section has some basic information and facts about snorkeling. It is a simple guide all about snorkeling safety and fun.
Beginners will learn how to snorkel in a safe manner, where to go for the best experiences, why you should try it, and what exactly is snorkelling?
This simple guide is full of help and advice for all newcomers who want to snorkel.
If this will be your first time at snorkeling you may be curious to learn what are the big differences between snorkeling and scuba diving?
So, we will begin with some plain sailing snorkeling facts about the spelling variations.
In fact, the English (British and Commonwealth) spell it – snorkelling. Whereas, a few 'misguided snorkelers' call it... 'snorkling'.
Nonetheless, the recreational sport or pastime of snorkeling is not the same as scuba diving.
For example, snorkelers do not usually have an air supply attached to their gear. Instead they breathe through a plastic tube erected vertically above sea level.
It may surprise you, but snorkeling masks are often the same quality as dive masks. But, starter gear tends to be less expensive and lightweight. In general, snorkelers use fewer items than the equipment needed for scuba diving.
Wearing a snorkel mask allows us to look underwater and watch fishes swim in their natural habitat around the rocks and corals. So, masks are part of all basic snorkel sets for adults and children.
Beginners will enjoy this hobby more while relaxing at the surface - and in calm shallow water. Even so, we always recommend wearing a snorkel vest.
Learning how to snorkel safely will increase your confidence and capabilities. It is important to understand the basics for beginners and how the gear functions. It will save you a lot of anxiety and embarrassment at the dive site.
We are going to answer most of the popular questions about snorkeling in these instructions.
Learning how to breathe through the plastic snorkel tube, and how to swim around the reefs, are the key principles of snorkel swimming.
Even so, some of the advanced topics are covered in the full snorkeling blog articles and archives.
Snorkel tubes (e.g. snorkels) are usually made from plastic. They have a rubber or silicone mouth-piece that has a design to fit inside your mouth. This might feel awkward at first. But, once you have it secure and sealed, it usually sits quite 'comfortably' between your teeth and lips.
You should attach the snorkel tube in a vertical position to your dive mask. That allows you to look down through the mask lens and breathe through the tube while your face is in the water.
The bottom line is this:
The correct technique for snorkel breathing is slow and 'slightly' deeper than normal. This helps to remove carbon dioxide from the dead air space inside the tube. Excessive CO2 inside the snorkel and your airways can cause a feeling of air starvation.
Sometimes, sea water can enter the mouth-piece. If so, breathe 'cautiously' to avoid swallowing it. You could also use your tongue to help by placing it against the roof of your mouth to create a splash guard.
So, handy tips about snorkeling, such as this one, will help you to continue breathing through the snorkel without swallowing water. Then you can expel the water through the purge valve.
Blowing with force through the mouthpiece pushes water through the valve. It also gets expelled through the top opening of the snorkel – if it is above water.
Note: Another section has a 'How to Snorkel Video' that explains the safety guidelines for beginners and people with no experience in swimming.
Prepare your snorkeler's equipment ensuring the mask and exposure suit are a comfortable fit. You may need lead weights to offset your buoyancy. If so, wear a weight belt that you can remove via a quick release buckle in case you have a problem underwater.
Around 5% of your body weight in lead, threaded onto your belt, will help you become 'neutrally' buoyant. But, it will also depend on the thickness of the wetsuit.
You should attempt to dive down head first – like the 'pike' in diving. Using minimal effort, float on the surface looking downwards and then bend your body at the waist.
Force your head down and lift your legs high above. That will create a downward motion – similar to making a handstand underwater.
When your fins sink into the water, kick yourself lower using a smooth 'finning' action. It is important to equalize the pressure in your air spaces.
You equalize your ears and sinuses by pinching your nose closed through the mask and then attempting to blow 'gently' through your nose. You can equalize your dive mask by using your nose to blow some extra air into the air space.
Underwater swimming should be relaxing and energy efficient. Kick slow and deliberate with your fins avoiding too much hand and arm movement.
You want to avoid damaging the coral reef - as well as your snorkeling flippers. Furthermore, it will also improve your bottom time because your body will need less oxygen to supply your arm and hand muscles.
Keep your knees 'slightly' flexed and use your strong thigh muscles to develop an up-and-down scissor kick fin movement. Look and listen for hazards above before 'slowly' ascending to the surface.
Finally, kick your way back to the surface while exhaling ‘gently’ through the snorkel.
Learning how to skin dive with a snorkel will allow you to get closer to the fish and colourful corals. Diving down to the reef offers you an opportunity to get better quality underwater photographs. You can also experience the feeling of floating weightless beneath the surface.
The PADI Skin Diver Certification course teaches you how to use breath-hold techniques. You get to duck-dive and explore fish life while swimming underwater.
You take a single breath of air at the surface and hold that breath until you swim back up to sea level. Follow our three simple steps to improve your skin diving skills and dive with safety.