[Phylum: Chordata] [Class: Actinopterygii (bony-fish)] [Order: Beryciformes] [Family: Anomalopidae]
The anomalopid flashlight fish (also called lantern-eye fish) is a unique species closely related to squirrelfishes and roughies (slimeheads).
This section contains some of the lesser known facts and information about the flashlight fish species and how this nocturnal carnivore uses luminescent organs to confuse its predators.
There aren't many shallow-water species that can produce luminescent light like the Anomalopidae fish families.
So, why are they called flashlight fish? In fact, the name refers to large light organs located underneath their eye sockets.
In the main, they are nocturnal creatures - hiding inside small holes in the reef or in dark underwater caves.
Hence, you may need to become a scuba diver to observe them during the daylight hours.
Nonetheless, when darkness falls the flashlight fish can manipulate its muscular skin flaps. This descendent of a deep-sea lineage uses them to communicate by hiding (or by revealing) bioluminescent light.
As a matter of fact, it is the presence of bioluminescent bacteria that creates the continuous light. Even so, each of the three lantern-eye fish species has a mechanism for decreasing the glow of luminescence (e.g. using a blinking effect to cover or uncover the light).
Two of the genus exist in the tropical marine habitats of the Indo-Pacific region. Whereas, the third species lives in certain areas of the Caribbean.
Even the adult flashlight fishes will grow no longer than thirty (30) centimetres (12 inches). Outside of aquariums, you may catch sight of them living around coral reef formations or other natural structures that offer shelter, such as rocky outcrops.
It's a rare species. But they are related to other more common specimens, including fangtooths, squirrel fish, and slimehead fish.
Like many marine vertebrates and invertebrates, the species is vulnerable to certain phenomena, including:
Important: Inhabiting the coral reef formations in the warm waters of the Pacific regions means the fate of the species is linked to its natural ecosystem.
Being a nocturnal species, flashlight fishes feed after the sun has gone down. Scientists believe they use the black membranes and light emitting organs to help locate food, including:
The following information enhances the mahi-mahi fish species facts guide with short snippets of unfamiliar data and educational research.
Note: The short video [3:03 seconds] presented by Aqua Planet highlights further facts about flashlight fish - and it dispels a few myths as well.