Underwater Garbage Pollution

Underwater Garbage Pollution may be an unfamiliar phrase, but 'garbage dumping' is one of the biggest contributions to the pollution of our oceans.

The mindless dumping of garbage results from human beings that dump harmful and/or waste materials into the waterways and oceans.

The rubbish dumped can come from sewage, waste water from bathing, general garbage items and especially plastic.

Ocean Pollution

Mother Nature can also influence the pollution of our oceans. Heavy rains and floods can cause sewage pipes to overflow for example, which can make its way into rivers and other waterways and then eventually into the ocean.

Underwater garbage dumping and sewage pollution have catastrophic effects on the natural environment and to the earth's sea life, causing diseases, beach closures and death to animals and fish.

Sea turtles naturally eat jellyfish and a plastic bag looks and behaves very similar to a jellyfish. The turtle would think that the plastic is food and many die from suffocation after eating floating plastic garbage in our seas and oceans.

Underwater Oil Pollution

Pollution from oil has serious consequences for the ocean and environment. Estimations show that each year, more than forty million gallons of oil spill into the ocean accidentally by oil tankers.

However, even more oil from non-accidental sources, culminate in more than 60 million gallons of underwater oil pollution every year. The 'sticky' effect of oil tends to glue the feathers of birds and other wildlife, it clogs the gills of fish, and a large oil slick can block out natural sunlight.

This lack of sunlight causes plants to suffer because they struggle to perform their normal photosynthesis below the slick. Underwater oil pollution also affects the growth and reproduction of the world's coral reefs because coral is especially sensitive to crude oil.

Toxic Pollution

Toxic waste is another serious cause of pollution. Poisonous waste and materials can harm humans, animals, and fish. You may question why toxic waste pollution in the ocean is also harmful to human life.

The impact on our health stems from the food chain. We may eat affected plants and animals and the results can be deadly. Fish can become toxic from the pollution and we eat seafood, which can then enter the human food chain.

How does toxic waste end up in the ocean? The answer is simple. Mining, landfills, and farms all potentially produce toxic waste products that can leak into our waterways and land mass, causing possible health problems to humans and fatal consequences to marine animals.

Carbon Dioxide Pollution

How does Carbon Dioxide Pollution harm our ocean life? During the previous two hundred years, the earth's oceans have absorbed near to 50 percent of the waste gas that humans have produced. The figure is staggering, approximately 120 billion metric tons of the stuff.

Oceans gather Carbon Dioxide from the motion of the currents. Pulled down by deep-water currents from the surface, polluted air traps CO2 in the ocean. This pollution harms the coral reefs and free-swimming algae.

Although Carbon Dioxide pollution threatens much of our ocean life, the species that exists near to the surface suffer the most. This is mainly due to the way in which the currents gather the gases from our atmosphere.

Industry, vehicle exhaust systems, boat gases, and agricultural machinery, continuously pump dangerous carbons into the air above the seas and oceans. We further explain how coal burning power stations impact on the environment causes coral reef destruction.

Picture of Estimated Decomposition Rates for Common Marine Debris

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